Integrated Watershed Management Programme(IWMP)
The State Level Nodal Agency (SLNA for Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) was set up Vide Govt. Order No.57-RD of 2010 Dated 04-02-2010 under the Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj. The Agency has been registered under Societies Registration Act VI of 1998 (1941 A.D) bearing registration No. 6549-S. The Financial Commissioner/Principal Secretary/Commissioner Secretary/Secretary to Government, Department of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, J&K, is the Chairperson of SLNA. Besides two representatives from Government of India, the Society has 12 members. SLNA has the mandate to take all policy decisions pertaining to implementation of IWMP in the State. The Agency is empowered to sanction and oversee the implementation of Watershed Projects in the State.
Government of India (GOI) had earlier launched various schemes for soil and water conservation, which included Desert Development Programme (DDP), Drought Prone Area Development Programme (DPAP), Haryali and Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP). The performances of these programmes was got assessed by a committee framed by GOI and it was opined that the programmes have been implemented in a fragmented manner by different departments through rigid guidelines without any well designed plans prepared on watershed basis by involving inhabitants. Keeping in view this background, Government of India formulated a set of guidelines that brought the earlier programme of DDP, DPAP, Haryali and IWDP under one umbrella. The emerging issues of groundwater recharge and convergence to create a critical mass of investments demanded different programmes with an integrated area based activities and guidelines, so as to move the Nation in the direction of “inclusive growth”. The levels of poverty, water scarcity, land degradation due to soil erosion, rapid depletion of groundwater table, fragile ecosystems, low rainwater use efficiency, acute fodder Shortage, high population pressure, poor livestock production, under investment in water use efficiency, lack of assured and remunerative marketing opportunities and poor infrastructures have been important concern for the policy makers. Keeping all these deficiencies in mind, participatory watershed development with focus on integrated farming system for enhanced production, livelihood security in a systematic manner became a concern. In view of this background the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) was launched in the country during the year 2009-10. The Programme is funded by Government of India (GOI) and the respective States in the ratio of 90:10.

Like all other States, the State of Jammu and Kashmir prepared State Perspective and Strategic Plan (SP&SP) for seeking approval from Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Government of India (GOI) which was a prerequisite for launching the programme in the State. The SP&SP was prepared by Department of Geology, University of Jammu. As per this plan the State comprises of 5888 microwatersheds, out of which 998 Micro watersheds are to be treated, which will involve an area of of 1533729 Ha. As per the State Perspective and Strategic Plan these Microwatersheds will be treated in a phased manner covering all the Districts of the State, up to the end of 14th five year plan. Though all the Districts have been covered under SP&SP, but a need is still felt to make certain improvement by incorporating some additional areas for treatment which have been left and also club and or relocate some microwatersheds with more relevant projects. The updating/clubbing/relocation of such areas will be taken after verification of ground position of the project areas/districts.

Like all other States, the State of Jammu and Kashmir prepared State Perspective and Strategic Plan (SP&SP) for seeking approval from Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Government of India (GOI) which was a prerequisite for launching the programme in the State. The SP&SP was prepared by Department of Geology, University of Jammu. As per this plan the State comprises of 5888 microwatersheds, out of which 998 Micro watersheds are to be treated, which will involve an area of of 1533729 Ha. As per the State Perspective and Strategic Plan these Microwatersheds will be treated in a phased manner covering all the Districts of the State, up to the end of 14th five year plan. Though all the Districts have been covered under SP&SP, but a need is still felt to make certain improvement by incorporating some additional areas for treatment which have been left and also club and or relocate some microwatersheds with more relevant projects. The updating/clubbing/relocation of such areas will be taken after verification of ground position of the project areas/districts.
Presently as per the procedure adopted, the SP&SP is followed for seeking approvals to the identified projects. In each financial year a bunch of Preliminary Project Reports (PPRs) preferably covering all the Districts is prepared and submitted to DoLR, GOI and approval is sought from DoLR. Once the PPRs are approved the process of Preparatory Phase starts. This phase focuses on engagement of staff for the project, Capacity Building, Entry Point Activities (EPA), preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs), constitution of Watershed Committees (WCs) etc. This phase is to be completed within 1 ½ to 2 years. After Preparatory Phase the Works Phase commences which also lasts for 2 to 3 years and then the last phase called as Consolidation and Evaluation Phase Starts. Major works approved under Detailed Project Report (DPR) are taken in works phase. The consolidation is the phase wherein the consolidation and handing over of infrastructure takes place.

Identification, prioritization & implementation of all IWMP works is exclusively the mandate of Gram Sabha. The Gram Sabha will constitute the Watershed Committee (WC) to implement the Watershed project with the technical support of the Watershed Development Team (WDT) in the village. The Gram Sabha may elect/appoint any suitable person from the village as the Chairman of Watershed Committee. Sarpanch and /or ward member/ Panchayat members may also be member/ Chairman of WC. The secretary of the Watershed Committee (WC) will be a paid functionary of the Watershed Committee (WC). The Watershed Committee (WC) will comprise of at least 10 members. The funds will be released to Watershed Committee. The Watershed Committee will open a separate bank account to receive funds for watershed projects and will utilize the same for undertaking its activities. The expenses towards the salaries of the WDT members and Secretary of Watershed Committee (WC) shall be charged from the administrative expenses under the professional support to the Project Implementing Agency (PIA).

A separate Cell, called the Watershed Cell cum Data Centre (WCDC) is established at the district level, which oversees the implementation of watershed programme in each district and has separate independent account for this purpose. District Development Commissioner will be the Chairman of the WCDC. The Project Manager IWMP will attend to day to day functioning of WCDC and implementation of watershed programmes in their jurisdiction whereas, District Development Commissioner will have role in securing coordination and convergence along with periodical review of the programme. All Project Managers will report their progress to the Chief Executive officer Jammu and Kashmir State Level Nodal Agency.
The Composition of State Level Nodal Agency is as under:-
1. Financial Commissioner/Principal Secretary/Commissioner Secretary/Secretary to Government, Department of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj,J&K Chairperson
2. Representative of National Rain-fed Area Authority, GOI, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation, NASE Complex D.P  Shastri Marg, New Delhi Member
3. Representative of Ministry of Rural Development, Department of Land Resources, GOI, New Delhi. Member
4. Director Rural Development Jammu/Kashmir Member
5. Representative of Planning and Development Department not below the rank of Director Planning. Member
6. Representative of Agriculture Production Department, Jammu and Kashmir not below the rank of Additional Secretary to Government. Member
7. Representative of Animal/Sheep Husbandry Department, Jammu and Kashmir not below the rank of Additional Secretary to Government. Member
8. Representative from Forest Department, Jammu and Kashmir not below the rank of Additional Secretary to Government. Member
9. Representative of Finance Department, Jammu and Kashmir not below the rank of Additional Secretary to Government. Member
10. One Professional Expert from University of Kashmir Member
11. One Professional Expert from SKUAST, Jammu Member
12 General Manager, NABARD, Jammu or his/her representative. Member
13. Executive Engineer, PHE Groundwater Division Jammu/Srinagar. Member
14 One NGO to be nominated separately Member
15. Chief Executive Officer, State Level Nodal Agency. Member Secretary
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